4 Facts on Disastrous Earthquake That Hit Nepal in 2015

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On April 25th, 2015, a devastating earthquake ravaged Nepal. It killed about 9000 people and injured a thousand others. More than 600,000 concrete buildings and other structures were damaged all across Nepal. The earthquake was so strong that the vibrations were felt as far as the Northern part of India and the North-western parts of Bangladesh including Western Bhutan and Southern parts of the Tibet plateau.

Devastating Nepal Earthquake

Source:

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Nepal-earthquake-of-2015

Here are a few more facts about the devastating earthquake:

Weak Infrastructure

The infrastructure of Nepal was very weak when the earthquake struck the Himalayan country. The majority of the houses and other structures were built without following a proper building code and also using low-quality construction materials. In 1994, the administration of Nepal tried to implement a building code following another earthquake; however, it turned out to be unenforceable. In majority of the cases, falling debris of the houses kills more people than the earthquake itself. And that’s why it is important to use good quality building material such as earthquake resistant TMT bars must be used to construct a house.

Earthquake resistant TMT bars have higher elongation as they have a soft ferrite-pearlite core and a tough exterior. These can withstand pressure (including seismic shaking, thus making it safe for being used in earthquake-prone zones. If you are looking for higher elongation TMT bars in West Bengal or Nepal, check the products from SRMB. For more details, visit https://www.srmbsteel.com/tmt-bars

The Magnitude

The initial shock that struck the country was measured at 7.8 on the Richter scale. It struck shortly after noon, and its epicentre was about 34 kilometres East-Southeast of Lamjung in Nepal and was about 77 kilometres north-west of the capital city of Kathmandu. Within an hour of the initial shock, two shocks of magnitudes 6.6 and 6.7 shook the region. During the following days, the country experienced some smaller aftershocks.

The Cause

The Nepal earthquake and the resulting aftershocks were caused by a thrust in the fault line in the Indus-Yarlung suture zone. This area lies in the East-West region and is near about the length of the Himalayan range. The earthquake is said to relieve the compressional pressure that developed between the Indian section of Indo-Australian plate and the Eurasian tectonic plate.

Source:

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Nepal-earthquake-of-2015

Death Toll

About 9,000 people were killed in Nepal alone, and more than 10,000 people were injured. When the earthquake struck Nepal, it resulted in an avalanche in the Mount Everest. 18 mountaineers died in their base camp in that avalanche. About 75 people in India were killed due to the vibrations, and 25 people in China lost their lives.

Source: http://www.ndtv.com/world-news/key-facts-about-the-nepal-earthquake-759483

Shift in Earth’s surface

The Nepal earthquake was so strong that it resulted in a shift in the Earth’s surface. It is reported that the Earth’s surface shifted about 3 metres in 7,200 kilometres. A few parts of the capital city of Kathmandu is said to be lifted by about 3 feet vertically. This caused immense damage in Kathmandu.

Hopefully, these facts have helped you gain some insights into the damaging effects of the earthquake in Nepal.

6 Tips for Earthquake Safety

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Natural disasters such as earthquakes are inevitable, but the damage is not. Natural calamities strike without any warning and that’s why preparedness is the only way to minimise damage. Here are a few simple tips to ensure earthquake safety:

1. Secure Your home

Design and build your home in a way so that it can withstand an earthquake. Use TMT bars during home or building construction. TMT bars have superior strength and have higher elongation. And that’s why it protects any concrete structure from extensive damage during an earthquake. However, along with earthquake resistant building materials, you will also need to follow proper building design guidelines to ensure complete safety.

2. Secure the contents of the building

From toppling bookcases to gas and electrical appliances, securing the household items is an important step to minimise damage. Use earthquake appliance straps to secure the appliances such as a refrigerator to walls. Hang mirrors and framed pictures on closed hooks; secure the top of heavy furniture such as bookcases to the wall. Anchor them to the stud so that they do not fall during an earthquake.

3. Have a Disaster Kit Ready

This is an important thing that everyone must have in their home, especially people staying in earthquake-prone areas. The kit must contain medications, emergency cash, copies of important documents such as ID cards, License etc., snacks, water, notebook, flashlight and batteries etc. Keep all these things in a backpack or any other small bag so that you can carry them easily during the evacuation.

4. Practice Earthquake Drills

Regularly practice earthquake drills with your family. Every member of the family must know the things to do if an earthquake occurred. This helps the kids to understand what to do in case you are not with them during such a natural calamity.

5. Find an Open Spot

During an earthquake, come out of the building and find a clear spot away from big trees, buildings, power lines, and streetlights.  Drop to the ground and stay in that position until the shaking stops.

6. Find a Cover

If you are stuck inside the building during an earthquake, drop to the ground and cover yourself under something strong such as table or desks. Hold on to that object and protect your head and neck.
We hope that these tips will help you learn the tricks to stay safe during an earthquake.