History of Steel Industry in India: 10 points

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The Iron and Steel industry are the two most important and basic industries in India. These are also one of the main contributors to the economic development of the country. From construction to manufacturing, almost all industries have to depend on them. But have you ever wondered, how old is the steel industry in India?

Here’s a brief overview:

1. History of steel in India dates back to 400 BC. At that time, Indian archers were a part of the Greek army. They used arrows tipped with steel. There is much more evidence that Indians had the knowledge of steel-making even before the advent of Christ. Archeologists discovered many pieces of evidence in Mesopotamia and Egypt that prove the fact that mankind knew the usage of iron and steel for more than 6,000 years.

2. It was in 1874 when the first attempt to revive the steel industry in India was made. In that year the Bengal Iron Works (BIW) started its journey at Kulti in Asansol, West Bengal. However, in 1830 a foreigner called Joshua Marshall Heath set up a small steel manufacturing plant at Porto Novo, Madras.

3. The BIW was acquired by Bengal Iron and Steel Company in 1889. Soon, it became a success story. In 1900, the plant produced 40,000 tonnes of pig iron. It continued to produce steel; Indian Iron and Steel Company (IISCO) acquired it in 1936.

4. August 1907 was a golden day for India’s iron and steel industry. It was on that day when the Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) were formed. It was formed as a Swadeshi venture and was supposed to produce 120,000 tonnes of pig iron.

5. The then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru believed that for development, India needs to maximize its steel production. It was then he formed a Government owned company called Hindustan Steel Limited (HSL). Three steel plants were set up in the 1950s.

6. The government changed their industrial policy once in 1956 and then in 1991. From 1992, Iron and steel industry was included in the list of “High Priority” industry. The policies bore fruit very soon. In 1997-98, India’s steel production went up to 23.37 million tonnes from a mere 1.1 million tonnes in1951.

Source: http://pib.nic.in/feature/feyr2000/fmar2000/f060320002.html

Steel Bar Price

The steel industry in West Bengal is equally flourishing like the rest of the country. If you are interested in buying TMT bars and want to check the price of steel bars,

check the prices of the bars by SRMB at https://www.srmbsteel.com/content/rate-chart

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How to Select TMT Bars Manufacturers?

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When constructing a home or a concrete structure, it is important that your select the right building materials especially TMT bars. It’s because the quality and strength of the TMT bars have a direct implication on the strength of the concrete structure. There are many TMT bar manufacturers in the market, but you need to ensure that you choose the best brand.

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Here are a few tips to help you choose the right TMT bar manufacturer:

Check the Grades

The grades of TMT bars are essential in determining their strength. In India, TMT bars are available in a variety of grades such as Fe-415/500/500 and 600. The higher the grade, the stronger the bar. When selecting a TMT bar manufacturer, check whether they offer bars of superior grade or not. SRMB, one of the leading TMT bar manufacturers in India, manufactures TMT bars of superior grade that provide ultimate reinforcement to the concrete structure.

Certification of the Company

Always buy from ISO certified brands. TMT bar manufacturers who are ISO certified always maintain strict quality control, complete safety and security of the product. Also, when buying TMT bars, always buy from the authorised dealer of the manufacturer. In this regard, SRMB uses advanced Tempcore technology for manufacturing their TMT bars and their manufacturing plants are BIS and MIS certified (ISO: 9001, ISO:14001, and OSHAS: 18001). Moreover, SRMB is the first brand to implement TMT process control technology from CRM, Belgium. Also, it’s one of the first TMT bar manufacturers in India that installed “no twist V-block mill”, a high precision rolling mill for manufacturing TMT bars.

Conduct a Naked Eye Test

This is one of the many ways of selecting a TMT bar. When evaluating bars from different manufacturers conduct naked eye test. Every metre of the TMT bar should bear the logo of the company. The TMT bars should be free from rust coating and must look fresh. The ends of each bundle must be of equal length. SRMB TMT Bars are corrosion resistant and come with a water-resistant coating.

Due to their superior quality, SRMB TMT bars are preferred by the big names in the company. Some of the big names that prefer SRMB TMT Bars include Aecom, Scott Wilson, Bharat Petroleum, and Chennai Metro Rail Limited, to name a few.

Selecting the best TMT bar manufacturer will ensure that the concrete structure lasts for long.

5 Facts on TMT Bars

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Thermo-Mechanically treated bars, popularly known as TMT bars are the most common construction materials used in many construction projects worldwide. These are highly preferred due to their superior strength and strong bonding with the concrete.

Let’s take a look at a few interesting facts about TMT bars:

High Strength bar

TMT bars are Thermo-Mechanically treated through a unique Tempcore technology that delivers a high strength to these bars. This process involves quick quenching of the extremely hot steel bars just after they roll out from the rolling mill. The bars are made to pass through a sequence of water jets which turns their outer layer extremely hard leaving their inner core soft. This makes the TMT bars highly ductile and makes them extremely strong. If you want to buy TMT bars, check the bars from SRMB, one of the topmost TMT bar manufacturers in India.

Corrosion Resistant properties

During the manufacturing process of the TMT bars, these bars are never twisted like the steel bars of yesteryear. This makes the TMT bars devoid of any residual stress. Moreover, during the quenching process of the TMT bars, the controlled water-cooling prohibits the formation of coarse carbides which is the main reason behind the corrosive process of the steel bars. This makes the TMT bars resistant to corrosion. During construction of houses or any other structure, the TMT bars are exposed to water for longer periods but rust never forms on the surface of the TMT bars. Corrosion is a common issue in case of ordinary steel bars. And that is why using ordinary steel bars can endanger the safety and security of the structure.

High Ductility

TMT bars have high ductility. You will get TMT bars in a number of grades such as Fe- 415/500/550. These TMT bars are stronger than ordinary steel bars. And that is why all the major construction projects use TMT bars for their construction. If you want to check the specification of TMT bars manufactured by SRMB, the leading TMT bar manufacturers in India, visit https://www.srmbsteel.com/tmt-bars

They have flexible bending ability

TMT bars have extremely high bending ability. And that is the reason TMT bars allows ease of use. One can easily mould the TMT bars in various shapes. Also, these can be stretched to meet the unique demands of construction measurements.

TMT bars are earthquake-resistant

Do you know that TMT bars are resistant to an earthquake? These bars have soft inside and tough outer layer. Also, these have superior elongation which makes it extremely flexible. This, in turn, gives high flexibility to the concrete structure. The fatigue resistance property of the TMT bars enables them to bear seismic loading. And that is why TMT bars are highly preferred and recommended for construction in areas that are prone to earthquake.

Also, TMT bars have thermal resistant properties which make them a safe choice for fire hazards. We hope that these points will help you understand the unique features of TMT bars.