Construction materials are important factors in deciding the quality of the structure. If the construction materials are not carefully chosen, the safety and security of the concrete structure are endangered. So, when planning a construction, the materials must be carefully chosen to avoid any kind of mishap. From TMT steel bars to bricks, there are many construction materials that are widely used for building homes and multi-storey buildings.
Here are a few facts about the commonly used building materials:
From homes to bridges, TMT bar is commonly used in almost all type of construction. The manufacturing method of TMT bar follows processes such as compressing, rolling them in the mill, heat treatment followed by an intense quenching process with Tempcore system. The quenching process hardens the surface of the TMT bars, leaving the core of the bars soft. This process makes the TMT bars extremely durable and delivers superior strength. Also, it makes the bars ductile and gives it high bendability. Moreover, the ribbed surface of the bars helps form strong bond with the concrete, thus providing extreme strength to the concrete structure. For these reasons, TMT bars are highly preferred in zones prone to seismic activities.
This is a commonly used building material. Concrete is manufactured by mixing binder (such as cement) and aggregate composites. There are many types of concrete such as Rapid-setting concrete, fluid-fill concrete, Portland cement concrete, Roller-compacted concrete, to name a few. Among all, Portland cement concrete is commonly used in construction work. This cement is made of cement, sand, water, and gravel. After mixing all these components together, the mixture is hardened. The solid mass thus obtained is knows as concrete. Concrete has very low tensile strength. However, it’s highly durable and ensures longevity of the building.
Bricks, be it of clay or mud, or of ceramic material, is one of the most basic and essential construction materials. No construction is complete without bricks. These are used to make walls, roofs, partitions and other components of a house or building. Bricks are made by burning clay, mud or ceramic material in a brick kiln and then drying them to make them hard. The most common kind of bricks used for construction purpose is fired bricks. It’s because these bricks have cavities and thus, dries at a faster pace. Bricks are reinforced using a mixture of sand and cement and are placed upon one another for making walls and other parts of a building.
Cement is basically used to bind and reinforce all the construction materials such as TMT bars and bricks together. Cement is of two types:
- Hydraulic Cement: this type of cement has adhesive properties and sets well with water.
- Non-Hydraulic cement: It is a cheaper alternative to hydraulic cement and doesn’t harden with water.
Hydraulic cement is widely used for construction purpose.
We hope that these points will help shed some light on the various construction materials and their unique properties.